The third part of my story about my travel to Rome, Italy. Vatican.

Rome I | Rome IIVatican City | Florence

Vatican- Jerusalem of Italy. We decided to go to Vatican at the end of week, and as our friends recommended, we bought tickets on-line (tourists with on-line tickets can jump the queue). We were in Museum of Vatican, saw The Sistine Chapel and Basilica di San Pietro, ate delicious ice-cream and we went up to the dome of San Pietro. A lot of people went up with standard ticket, but we are knew what to do, and bought tickets to the elevator;)

What can I say about Vatican… Interesting, very interesting historical and religion side, but it looks not real. The Vatican is like a matryoshka that are trying to sell to tourists. And what about spirituality?

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Piazza San Pietro and Basilica di San Pietro.

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The obelisk in the centre was brought to Rome by Caligula in 36 AD, and it stood for many years in the centre of Nero’s Circus on the Vatican Hill; according to legend, it marked the site of Basilica di San Pietro martyrdom. It was moved here in 1586, when Sixtus V ordered that it be erected in front of the basilica, a task that took four months and was apparently carried out in silence, on pain of death.

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Basilica di San Pietro – Designed principally by Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno and Gian Lorenzo Bernini, St. Peter’s is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture and remains one of the largest churches in the world.

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While it is neither the mother church of the Catholic Church nor the Catholic Roman Rite cathedral of the Diocese of Rome, St. Peter’s is regarded as one of the holiest Catholic sites. It has been described as “holding a unique position in the Christian world” and as “the greatest of all churches of Christendom”.

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By Catholic tradition, the basilica is the burial site of its namesake Saint Peter, one of the twelve apostles of Jesus and, also according to tradition, the first Pope and Bishop of Rome.

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Tradition and strong historical evidence hold that Saint Peter’s tomb is directly below the altar of the basilica. For this reason, many Popes have been interred at St. Peter’s since the Early Christian period. There has been a church on this site since the time of the Roman Emperor Constantine the Great. Construction of the present basilica, replacing the Old St. Peter’s Basilica of the 4th century AD, began on 18 April 1506 and was completed on 18 November 1626.

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St. Peter’s is famous as a place of pilgrimage, for its liturgical functions. Because of its location in the Vatican, the Pope presides at a number of services throughout the year, drawing audiences of 15,000 to over 80,000 people, either within the Vatican Basilica, or in St. Peter’s Square.

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Swiss Guards are the Swiss soldiers who have served as guards at foreign European courts since the late 15th century. Currently, the name Swiss Guard generally refers to the Pontifical Swiss Guard of the Holy See stationed at the Vatican in Rome.

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Basilica di San Pietro.

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The Vatican Historical Museum is one of the sections of the Vatican Museums. It was founded in 1973 at the behest of Pope Paul VI, and was initially hosted in environments under the Square Garden. In 1987 it was moved to the main floor of the Apostolic Palace of the Lateran and opened in March 1991.

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The Sistine Chapel is a large and renowned chapel in the Apostolic Palace, the official residence of the Pope in the Vatican City. Originally known as the Cappella Magna.

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The fame of the Sistine Chapel lies mainly in the frescos that decorate the interior, and most particularly the Sistine Chapel ceiling and The Last Judgment by Michelangelo.

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Michelangelo was commissioned by Pope Julius II in 1508 to repaint the vault, or ceiling, of the Chapel. It was originally painted as golden stars on a blue sky. The work was completed between 1508 and 2 November 1512. He painted the Last Judgment over the altar, between 1535 and 1541, on commission from Pope Paul III Farnese.

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Piazza della Pigna.

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The Apollo Belvedere is a celebrated marble sculpture from Classical Antiquity. The Apollo is thought to be a Roman copy of Hadrianic date of a lost bronze original made between 350 and 325 BC by the Greek sculptor Leochares.

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San Pietro’s dome.

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Sphere Within Sphere by Arnaldo Pomodoro in the Cortile della Pigna.

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